Many children and some adults suffer from diaper dermatitis. Diaper dermatitis is a common rash arising in the setting of an artificially moist and warm environment. In this article, we will cover some information so you can have a basic understanding of why this rash occurs. Read on for tips on how to manage it at home, including information on when to seek consultation from a medical professional.
Diaper Dermatitis (Diaper Rash)
Diaper dermatitis generally starts first in the skin folds around the groin and on the buttocks. The rash is often bright red in color. This is due to irritation in these areas. Over time the rash can become much more extensive and may start to develop surrounding red bumps or pustules. Those types of changes may suggest a yeast infection superimposed on the irritation.
What causes diaper dermatitis?
Persisting moisture in the warm environment under a diaper and the irritating properties of urine and feces cause this condition. In that environment, the skin tissues start to get inflamed. As these conditions persist, the skin condition will worsen with increased irritation to the point of skin breakdown. This can cause itching and even burning and stinging.
Treating Diaper Dermatitis
The good news is there are steps you can take at home to prevent diaper rash. Where possible, stopping the use of diapers altogether can be the ultimate “cure” for the problem. When that is not possible, consider any or all the following:
- Frequent diaper changes – especially after they are soiled or saturated.
- Try to work in diaper-free periods. Let the affected skin dry by air drying.
- Using a protective barrier like Desitin paste (zinc oxide diaper cream) to the creases along the sides of the groin extending to the perianal area.
- Try a different variety of diapers. Cloth diapers can be especially helpful.
- Consider using chemical-free diaper wipes on sensitive skin to keep the diaper area clean and dry.
Non-Diaper Related Rashes
Atopic dermatitis (eczema) usually occurs in other areas of the body for babies, like the cheeks, forehead, or scalp. Itchy, dry, and scaly skin with a red appearance are all common symptoms. Although the exact causes of atopic dermatitis are unknown, family genes, weak immune system, and external factors such as dry, hot temperatures, and winter weather can play a role.
Seborrheic Dermatitis is a type of skin condition that can cause crusty yellow or red flaky, scaly patches on the scalp. This skin condition is also referred to as cradle cap. Seborrheic dermatitis may start on the face and spread to other parts of the body such as the diaper area, back of the neck, ears, eyebrows, and other areas where skin folds. Although seborrheic dermatitis can be present year-round, it is generally worse during the transitional seasons such as the spring and fall.
Impetigo is a bacterial infection that is most commonly found on the face of children. However, impetigo can spread to other areas of the body as well. If the infection remains untreated, sores can cause changes in skin color and permanent scars. Signs of impetigo include raised yellow fluid-filled areas and yellow crusted lesions. To prevent and avoid impetigo from spreading to other parts of the body, get treatment for skin conditions such as eczema, and wash cuts and scratches with warm water and anti-bacterial soap.
When to seek a medical professional
If diaper rash persists (or any of the others outlined above) despite trying those things, consider seeking a consultation with a medical professional. The best dermatologists know when a condition needs prescription treatment. Whether it be for a superimposed infection with yeast or to treat the underlying inflammation with topical steroid medication, a trained medical professional can help.
Diaper dermatitis can be a very frustrating problem. However, symptoms can improve if you treat the condition properly. If you remain frustrated, consider seeing us for a consultation at one of our Advanced Dermatology of the Midlands locations.
Additional Information: How To Treat Diaper Rash – American Academy of Dermatology Association
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